Monitoring COVID-19 Impact on Households in Zimbabwe ZimStat Report
The proportion of people observing preventive health behaviour continued to fall. After remaining largely unchanged over the first two rounds, the share of people wearing a mask in public declined from 87 percent in round 1 to 80 percent in the third round and dropped sharply to 56 percent in the fourth round.
The proportion of households that were able to buy medication nationally rose from 75 percent in round 1 to 76 percent in round 3 and further to 80 percent in round 4. Nationally, the proportion of households that were able to access treatment rose from 79 percent in round 1 to 84 percent in round 3 and dropped slightly to 83 percent in round 4.
The proportion of households that were willing to be vaccinated shot to 77 percent in the fourth round compared to 63 percent in the third round. Households in rural areas were more willing to be vaccinated at 79 percent, compared to those in urban areas at 74 percent.
About 15 percent of the households stated that they would not be vaccinated, whilst 8 percent were not sure. Seventy eight percent of the households had not been tested for COVID-19. About 6 percent had a Rapid Test for COVID-19, whilst 10 percent had a Swab COVID-19 test
In order to stop the spread of COVID-19, people must adopt preventive health measures. During the fourth-round survey (May 1– 27, 2021), the proportion of respondents who avoided gatherings at national level dropped to 45 percent in round 4 from 58 percent in round 3.
The same pattern was observed in urban and rural areas between round 4 and round 3 .
The proportion of households wearing masks dropped from 87 percent in round 1 to 56 percent in Round 4.
Wearing of masks in urban areas dropped from 96 percent in round 1 to 66 percent in round 4 compared to 81 percent and 50 percent in rural areas in the same rounds, respectively.
The prevalence of hand washing in May 2021 was about half of what it was in July 2020 during the first lockdown phase.
The proportion of households who washed hands after being in public dropped from 89 percent in round 1 to 52 percent in round 4 in urban areas compared to 85 percent and 42 for rural areas, respectively